When gardening, it is good to know the parts of the vegetables you are growing.
Here are a few explanations to explain what each part is responsible for:
Hypocotyl – the stem of a germinating seedling. It is found below the cotyledons (seed leaves) and above the radicle (root).
Periderm – outer layers of tissue of woody roots and stems.
Petiole – the transition between the stem and the leaf blade.
Phloem – functions in trans-location and in support and storage.
Storage root – responsible for the absorption of water and inorganic nutrients, anchoring of the plant body to the ground, and supporting it, and storage of food and nutrients.
Tap root – the central position in a line of growth or development.
Xylem -functions to transport water, but it also transports some nutrients.